Journal Information
Vol. 111. Issue 2.
Pages 157-158 (March 2020)
Visits
...
Vol. 111. Issue 2.
Pages 157-158 (March 2020)
Case for Diagnosis
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2020.01.008
Open Access
Recent Onset of Multiple Asymptomatic Brownish Papules
Múltiples pápulas parduzcas asintomáticas de reciente aparición en el tronco
Visits
...
M. Quintana-Codinaa,
Corresponding author
mquintanacodina@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, M.T. Fernández-Figuerasb, M. Salleras Redonneta
a Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain
b Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (3)
Show moreShow less
Full Text
Clinical History

A 34-year-old woman with no personal or family history of interest consulted for multiple asymptomatic lesions on the trunk. The lesions had appeared gradually during the previous year.

Physical Examination

Physical examination revealed nondesquamative brownish papules measuring 3 to 5  mm in diameter located mainly on the abdomen and also on the thorax, axillas, and pelvis. The lesions were negative for the Darier sign (Fig. 1).

Figure 1.

.

(0.06MB).
Additional Tests

Dermoscopy revealed a homogeneous clear brown area with a delicate pigment network (Fig. 2A).

Figure 2.

.

(0.09MB).

High-frequency ultrasound (18 MHz, MyLab 25Gold, Esaote) revealed well-defined oval lesions in the superficial dermis. These were slightly hypoechogenic with respect to the adjacent dermis and heterogeneous in terms of content (Fig. 2B). Color Doppler did not reveal blood flow in the lesions.

Histology of a punch biopsy specimen of 1 of the lesions revealed scattered ductal structures in the superficial reticular dermis accompanied by slight interstitial mucin deposition and mild sclerosis (Fig. 3).

Figure 3.

Hematoxylin-eosin, original magnification, ×25.

(0.1MB).

[[?]]What is your diagnosis?

Diagnosis

Generalized eruptive syringoma.

Course and Treatment

The patient was informed about various therapeutic approaches. The initial option was topical tretinoin 0.05%, although little improvement was observed at 6 months. Subsequent alternatives were rejected by the patient.

Comment

Syringomas are benign adnexal tumors that originate in the eccrine ducts. They are more common in women and are usually found in clusters on the eyelids. The eruptive variant is rare and normally appears in childhood or puberty.

There are 4 clinical variants of syringoma: localized, generalized, associated with Down syndrome, and familial. The generalized variant comprises 2 clinical forms: multifocal and eruptive. The latter was described by Jacquet and Darier as an eruptive episode of papules on the neck, trunk, axillas, and abdomen. Syringomas generally first appear in childhood and extend over 2-3 years, before becoming persistent. They consist of multiple papules that are usually brown in color and asymptomatic, although in some cases they may prove to be pruriginous.1

There are 3 subtypes of generalized eruptive syringomas: lichen planus–like, urticaria pigmentosa–like, and miliary cyst–like. The differential diagnosis should be mainly with these entities. When they affect the thorax and abdomen, the lesions are usually limited to the anterior surface, with involvement of the back and lower back being exceptional. This characteristic may be of some help in the differential diagnosis of multiple syringomas and urticaria pigmentosa or lichen planus.2

Diagnosis is usually based on histopathology. The literature contains only 3 dermatoscopic descriptions of syringoma, whose image varies depending on the subtype.3–5 Furthermore, ultrasound findings have not previously been reported for this lesion.

There have been reports of isolated cases of syringoma associated with diabetes mellitus and tumor syndromes such as Brooke-Spiegler syndrome, Nicolau-Balus syndrome, and Costello syndrome.1 Incel Uysal et al.6 recently reported a case of adult-onset eruptive syringoma associated with bilateral renal carcinoma.

Treatment is usually ineffective, and there is a risk of recurrence and scarring. Destructive methods have also been used. These include CO2 laser, dermabrasion, chemical peels, electrocautery, surgical removal, and topical treatment (retinoids and atropine). CO2 laser is probably the most effective treatment available today, and its adverse effects are acceptable.1

In conclusion, we present an uncommon case of adult-onset generalized eruptive syringoma located on the abdomen, thorax, axillas, and pelvis. Given the late age of onset and low degree of clinical suspicion, diagnosis was based on histopathology. We also provide the first description of the ultrasound characteristics of this tumor, although we found no specific defining characteristics that would enable us to distinguish this tumor from other soft tissue tumors. Finally, we wish to highlight the importance of including papular skin conditions at any age in the differential diagnosis of generalized eruptive syringoma.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

References
[1]
K. Williams, K. Shinkai.
Evaluation and management of the patient with multiple syringomas: A systematic review of the literature.
J Am Acad Dermatol, 74 (2016), pp. 1234-1240
[2]
L. Ciarloni, E. Frouin, F. Bodin, Cribier B. Syringoma.
A clinicopathological study of 244 cases.
Ann Dermatol Venereol, 143 (2016), pp. 521-528
[3]
M. Corazza, A. Borghi, S. Minghetti, P. Ferron, A. Virgili.
Dermoscopy of isolated syringoma of the vulva.
J Am Acad Dermatol, 76 (2017), pp. S37-9
[4]
P. Zhong, C. Tan.
Dermoscopic features of eruptive milium-like syringoma.
Eur J Dermatol, 25 (2015), pp. 203-204
[5]
Y. Hayashi, M. Tanaka, S. Nakajima, M. Ozeki, T. Inoue, S. Ishizaki, et al.
Unilateral linear syringoma in a Japanese female: dermoscopic differentiation from lichen planus linearis.
Dermatol Reports, 3 (2011), pp. e42
[6]
P. Incel Uysal, B. Yalcin, E. Ozhamam, O. Bozdogan.
Coexistence of adult onset eruptive syringoma and bilateral renal cell carcinoma: A case report.
Am J Dermatopathol, 39 (2017), pp. 56-58

Please cite this article as: Quintana-Codina M, Fernández-Figueras MT, Salleras Redonnet M. Múltiples pápulas parduzcas asintomáticas de reciente aparición en el tronco. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2020;111:157–158.

Copyright © 2019. AEDV
Idiomas
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
  • Additional material
Tools
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
Supplemental materials
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

es en
Política de cookies Cookies policy
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.