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Vol. 109. Issue 10.
Pages 908-909 (December 2018)
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Vol. 109. Issue 10.
Pages 908-909 (December 2018)
Practical Dermoscopy
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2018.10.019
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Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus: A Basal Cell Carcinoma With Distinctive Dermoscopic Features
Fibroepitelioma de Pinkus: un carcinoma basocelular con una dermoscopia distintiva
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C. Cuenca-Barrales, J.C. Ruiz-Carrascosa, R. Ruiz-Villaverde
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ismenios@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
Unidad de Dermatología Médico-Quirúrgica y Venereología, Hospital Universitario Campus de la Salud de Granada, Granada, España
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Case Description

A 68-year-old man with no family or personal past history of interest consulted with a nonulcerated tumorous lesion that had appeared 3 years earlier on the left side of the torso. Clinical examination revealed a nonulcerated, pearl-like sessile tumor with a maximum diameter of 1.2cm and superficial telangiectasia (Fig. 1). Dermoscopy revealed whiteish areas, fine arboriform blood vessels, whiteish striations, and follicular keratotic plugs (Fig. 2). Histology supported the clinical diagnosis of fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FeP).

Figure 1.

Polypoid, nonulcerated, pearl-like tumor with superficial telangiectasia.

(0.06MB).
Figure 2.

Dermoscopy. Dermlite DL3® ×10: whiteish areas (fx1), fine arboriform vessels (●), whiteish striations, (fx2), and follicular keratotic plugs (→).

(0.07MB).
Comment

The first reported cases of FeP were published in 1953 by Herman Pinkus and described as premalignant fibroepithelial skin tumors. Whether it is a rare variety of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or a benign adnexal tumor with follicular differentiation has been the subject of debate for some time.1 The latest hypotheses situate the entity as an intermediate form between trichoblastoma and BCC, with difficult clinical diagnosis and particularly slow growth.2

FeP is more frequent in middle-aged patients, has no predilection for sex, and is mainly located on the torso. It usually presents as a nodule, and occasionally a plaque, that is well-demarcated, solitary, sessile and firm, smooth, slightly raised, flesh-colored or pink, asymptomatic, and slow-growing. Other clinical forms have been reported, such as more pedunculate, polypoid, giant, and ulcerated forms, as well as brown or grayish forms. The differential diagnosis should include skin tags, intradermal melanocytic nevus, neurofibroma, and seborrheic keratosis.

In 2005, Zalaudek et al. provided the first dermoscopic descriptions of FeP, which would later become differentiated dermoscopic patterns.3,4

All the lesions examined in that study were red to yellowish light brown, associated with long, linear, irregularly distributed telangiectasia. This vascular pattern, consisting of smaller-caliber arborescent telangiectasia with fewer ramifications, differs clearly from the vascular pattern of BCC. Other notable characteristics of that pattern to consider are the presence of whiteish striations that sometimes cover larger areas or form a honeycomb pattern, indicating a highly collagenized or fibrotic stroma (90% of reported cases), brownish-grey unstructured pigmentation, punctate vessels and milia-like cysts, and follicular keratotic plugs.

A new pattern has recently been reported, consisting of whiteish reticular lines (inverted reticular pattern or reticular depigmentation), as can be observed in nevi, particularly Spitz nevus, melanoma, and some forms of dermatofibroma.5 Some authors have even considered it to be a dermoscopic simulator of malignant melanoma.6

We consider dermoscopy to be a useful tool for supporting the clinical diagnosis of this type of lesion.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

References
[1]
K. Sellheyer, P. Nelson, H. Kutzner.
Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus is a true basal cell carcinoma developing in association with a newly identified tumour-specific type of epidermal hyperplasia.
Br J Dermatol, 166 (2012), pp. 88-97
[2]
P. Huet, G. Barnéon, B. Cribier.
Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus: Correlation between dermatopathology and dermoscopy.
Ann Dermatol Venereol, 144 (2017), pp. 818-822
[3]
I. Zalaudek, B. Leinweber, G. Ferrara, H.P. Soyer, E. Ruocco, G. Argenziano.
Dermoscopy of fibroepithelioma of pinkus.
J Am Acad Dermatol, 52 (2005), pp. 168-169
[4]
I. Zalaudek, G. Ferrara, P. Broganelli, E. Moscarella, I. Mordente, J. Giacomel, et al.
Dermoscopy patterns of fibroepithelioma of pinkus.
Arch Dermatol, 142 (2006), pp. 1318-1322
[5]
D.A. Kornreich, J.B. Lee.
White network in fibroepithelioma of Pinkus.
J Am Acad Dermatol, 2 (2016), pp. 400-402
[6]
I. Gomez-Martin, S. Moreno, R.M. Pujol, S. Segura.
Pigmented fibroepithelioma of Pinkus: A potential dermoscopic simulator of malignant melanoma.
J Dermatol, 44 (2017), pp. 542-543

Please cite this article as: Cuenca-Barrales C, Ruiz-Carrascosa JC, Ruiz-Villaverde R. Fibroepitelioma de Pinkus: un carcinoma basocelular con una dermoscopia distintiva. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2018;109:908–909.

Copyright © 2018. Elsevier España, S.L.U. and AEDV
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