Journal Information
Vol. 111. Issue 5.
Pages 424-425 (June 2020)
Vol. 111. Issue 5.
Pages 424-425 (June 2020)
Images in Dermatology
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2018.07.031
Open Access
Ski-Jump Toenails
Uñas de pies en «salto de esquí»
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...
L. Ossorio-Garcíaa,
Corresponding author
lidia.ossoriogarcia@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, D. Jiménez-Galloa, R. de la Varga-Martínezb
a Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Dermatología Médico-Quirúrgica y Venereología, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, Spain
b Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Hematología e Inmunología, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, Spain
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A 9-month-old breastfeeding baby boy was seen at our department with abnormalities of the toenails and congenital bilateral edema of the feet. The paternal grandmother and a paternal female cousin had also presented congenital lymphedema and abnormalities of the toenails. Examination revealed ski-jump koilonychia in the nails of the first toe of both feet and edema of the toes with slight edema of the back of both feet (Fig. 1A and B). The suspected diagnosis was Milroy disease (MD) and this was confirmed by means of a genetic study and presence in the germ line of a heterozygous mutation on p.Gly933Arg (G933R) of the FLT4 gene. This mutation was also detected in the father, a brother, and a paternal female cousin of the patient.

Figure 1
(0.17MB).

MD is characterized by congenital lymphedema in the lower limbs caused by mutations in the FLT4 gene, which synthesizes the protein of receptor 3 of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR3), responsible for the development of the lymphatic system. The spoon or ski-jump nails are characteristic but only appear in between 10% and 14% of patients, in whom it may be a guiding sign. Heredity is autosomal dominant with variable expression and incomplete penetrance, estimated at between 85% and 90%. This explains why the disease was expressed phenotypically by our patient but not by his father or brother.

Please cite this article as: Ossorio-García L, Jiménez-Gallo D, de la Varga-Martínez R. Uñas de pies en «salto de esquí». Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2020;111:424–425.

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