Journal Information
Visits
...
Case and Research Letters
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2020.01.012
Open Access
Available online 17 September 2020
Opinion Survey on Persistence of Biologic Therapies in Patients with Moderate to Severe Psoriasis
Encuesta de opinión a pacientes con psoriasis moderada-grave sobre la persistencia de los tratamientos biológicos
Visits
...
L. Puiga,
Corresponding author
lpuig@santpau.cat

Corresponding author.
, I. Alarcónb, S. Sulleirob, S. Alfonsoc
a Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
b Medical Affairs Department, Janssen-Cilag, Madrid, Spain
c Acción Psoriasis, Barcelona, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Tables (2)
Table 1. Results of the First Questionnaire (N=797).
Table 2. Results of the Second Questionnaire (N=208).
Show moreShow less
Full Text
To the Editor:

New biological drugs are highly valuable tools for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.1 However, due to decreases in their long-term efficacy, these treatments can pose compliance problems, which can affect survival and treatment persistence.2 Given that the objective of psoriasis treatment is effective long-term control of skin manifestations,3,4 it is very important to standardize the criteria to evaluate drug persistence, which is mainly determined by efficacy, safety, side effects, ease of administration, and patient satisfaction.5 The main problem with clinical trials that have evaluated these therapies is that they apply very strict inclusion criteria and have short follow-up periods, making their results difficult to extrapolate to clinical practice.6–10

To evaluate patient persistence with biologic therapies for moderate-to-severe psoriasis in clinical practice, we conducted an opinion survey of patients with this disease, placing special emphasis on treatment with biological drugs. The objective was to improve knowledge of the disease from the patient’s point of view and to optimize treatment.

The questionnaire was created and distributed by Acción Psoriasis after validation by a group of psoriasis experts, and was carried out in 2 phases. The first phase consisted of an anonymous 5-question questionnaire about the characteristics of the patients, the type of psoriasis they had, and any treatments they were receiving. The questionnaire was sent electronically to 797 patients in the Acción Psoriasis database. Table 1 shows the characteristics of the patients who responded to this first questionnaire. Most of the patients were Spanish nationals (95%) and were diagnosed with moderate-to-severe psoriasis (57.2%). The most commonly prescribed treatment was topical (64.9%), followed by injectable (biologics) (40.3%), oral (25.8%), and phototherapy (21.2%). Among patients who received multiple concomitant treatments, the most frequent combination was topical treatment together with phototherapy (15.3%), followed by topical and oral treatment (4.8%), and the combination of topical treatment, injectable (biologic) treatment, and phototherapy (1.6%).

Table 1.

Results of the First Questionnaire (N=797).

Question 
In which region do you reside?
Spain  757  95.0 
Europe  0.6 
Other  1.1 
Unknown  26  3.3 
If you reside in Spain, in which autonomous community?
Andalusia  87  10.9 
Aragon  29  3.6 
Asturias  18  2.3 
Balearic Islands  16  2.0 
Canary Islands  27  3.4 
Cantabria  12  1.5 
Castile-La Mancha  34  4.3 
Castile-Leon  47  5.9 
Catalonia  139  17.4 
Valencia  61  7.6 
Extremadura  17  2.1 
Galicia  31  3.9 
La Rioja  0.4 
Madrid  95  12.0 
Melilla  0.5 
Murcia  19  2.4 
Navarre  0.6 
Basque Country  40  5.0 
U/NR  113  14.2 
How severe is your psoriasis, as diagnosed by a dermatologist?
Mild  166  20.8 
Moderate-to-severe  456  57.2 
I don’t know  164  20.6 
Unknown  11  1.4 
What type of treatment are you receiving for psoriasis?
Topical  517  64.9 
Injectable (biologic therapy, excluding methotrexate)  321  40.3 
Oral  206  25.8 
Phototherapy  169  21.2 
If you are receiving injectable treatment (biologic, excluding methotrexate), please indicate whether:
It is the first time I have received an injectable treatment  136  17.1 
I have received multiple injectable treatments  126  15.8 
No injectable treatment received  535  67.1 

aA given patient could receive several types of treatment.

Abbreviation: U/NR, unknown/no response.

From the patients who responded to the first questionnaire, we selected Spanish nationals (to ensure that they were beneficiaries of the national health system) from all autonomous communities who had moderate-to-severe psoriasis and had received biologic therapy. Of the 797 patients surveyed, 231 (29%) fulfilled these criteria.

In the second phase, a second questionnaire was sent to the patients who met the aforementioned selection criteria. The questionnaire consisted of 10 specific statements about biologic therapy. Participants were required to indicate their degree of agreement with each statement using a 9-point Likert scale: disagree, 1–3; neither agree nor disagree, 6–8; agree, 7–9. The questionnaire was completed correctly by 208 of the 231 selected patients (90.0%). The results of this questionnaire are shown in Table 2.

Table 2.

Results of the Second Questionnaire (N=208).

Statement  Median (Confidence Interval)  Percentage Agreement 
For a patient, it is important that a biologic therapy is effective  9 (7.53–9.90)  98.1 
For a patient, it is important that a biologic therapy is safe  9 (7.53–9.90)  99.0 
For a patient, it is important that a biologic therapy involves the fewest possible administrations/doses per year  9 (6.29–8.27)  73.1 
For a patient, it is important to be able maintain the same biologic therapy over time, provided it is effective, safe, and comfortable  9 (7.01–9.22)  88.9 
For a doctor, it is important that a biologic therapy requires the fewest possible administrations/doses per year  7 (5.45–7.17)  59.1 
For a doctor it is important that the patient maintains the same treatment over time (without loss of efficacy and without safety problems)  9 (6.65–8.74)  81.7 
Satisfaction with treatment should be recorded using some kind of objective measure  9 (7.02–9.23)  92.8 
A lower frequency of administration helps ensure better treatment compliance  6 (4.68–6.16)  49.0 
A lower frequency of administration helps me forget that psoriasis is a chronic disease  7 (4.78–6.29)  57.7 
As a patient I am adequately informed by my doctor about the different treatments for psoriasis  7 (4.60–6.05)  57.7 

aPercentage of patients who responded with a score of 7–9 on the Likert scale.

Most of those surveyed attributed great importance to safety (99.0%), efficacy (98.1%), being able to maintain the same treatment over time (88.9%), and administration in the fewest possible doses (73.1%). A high percentage of patients felt that their satisfaction with treatment should be recorded in their clinical history using some objective measure (92.8%). The frequency of treatment administration was considered a determinant of treatment adherence by 49.0% of participants, and 57.7% felt that a lower frequency of administration helped them forget that psoriasis is a chronic process. Just over half of those surveyed (57.7%) felt that they had received sufficient information from their doctor about the different treatment options for psoriasis.

The results of this questionnaire shed light on the opinions of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis on persistence with biologic therapy in clinical practice, complementing data previously obtained in randomized clinical trials. Practically all patients surveyed felt that to ensure persistence with biologic therapies it is essential to use the lowest frequency of administration possible and to take into account treatment efficacy, safety, and satisfaction. There was less consensus about reducing the frequency of administration to improve treatment adherence or perception of the disease, possibly because this is more relevant to the physician than the patient. Not all respondents agreed that they received sufficient information from their doctor. It is thus extremely important to improve doctor-patient communication regarding available treatments and to facilitate shared decision-making.

Funding

This work was funded by Janssen-Cilag (Spain).

Conflicts of Interest

LP has received fees for consulting and/or speaking, and for participation in clinical trials, from AbbVie, Almirall, Amgen, Baxalta, Biogen, Boehringer Ingelheim, Celgene, Gebro, Janssen-Cilag, Leo Pharma, Lilly, Merck-Serono, MSD, Mylan, Novartis, Pfizer, Regeneron, Roche, Sandoz, Samsung Bioepis, Sanofi, and UCB. IA and SS are employees of Janssen-Cilag, Spain. SA has no conflicts of interest to report.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Acción Psoriasis for their participation in the preparation and distribution of the questionnaires among the patients in their database, as well as Dr. Fernando Sánchez Barbero and Luzan 5 Health Consulting for their help in preparing the manuscript.

References
[1]
L. Puig, A. López, E. Vilarrasa, I. García.
Efficacy of biologics in the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials with different time points.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol., 28 (2014), pp. 1633-1653
[2]
E.C. Levin, R. Gupta, G. Brown, M. Malakouti, J. Koo.
Biologic fatigue in psoriasis.
J Dermatolog Treat., 25 (2014), pp. 78-82
[3]
U. Mrowietz, K. Kragballe, K. Reich, P. Spuls, C.E. Griffiths, A. Nast, et al.
Definition of treatment goals for moderate to severe psoriasis: A European consensus.
Arch Dermatol Res., 303 (2011), pp. 1-10
[4]
E. Daudén, L. Puig, C. Ferrándiz, J.L. Sánchez-Carazo, J.M. Hernanz-Hermosa, Spanish Psoriasis Group of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Consensus document on the evaluation and treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis: Psoriasis Group of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol., 30 (2016), pp. 1-18
[5]
R. Gniadecki, B. Bang, L.E. Bryld, L. Iversen, S. Lasthein, L. Skov.
Comparison of long-term drug survival and safety of biologic agents in patients with psoriasis vulgaris.
Br J Dermatol., 172 (2015), pp. 244-252
[6]
K. Reich, F.O. Nestle, K. Papp, J.P. Ortonne, R. Evans, C. Guzzo, et al.
Infliximab induction and maintenance therapy for moderate-to-severe psoriasis: A phase III, multicentre, double-blind trial.
Lancet., 366 (2005), pp. 1367-1374
[7]
K.A. Papp, S. Tyring, M. Lahfa, J. Prinz, C.E. Griffiths, A.M. Nakanishi, et al.
A global phase III randomized controlled trial of etanercept in psoriasis: Safety, efficacy, and effect of dose reduction.
Br J Dermatol., 152 (2005), pp. 1304-1312
[8]
K.B. Gordon, A. Blauvelt, K.A. Papp, R.G. Langley, T. Luger, M. Ohtsuki, et al.
Phase 3 trials of ixekizumab in moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.
N Engl J Med., 375 (2016), pp. 345-356
[9]
R.G. Langley, B.E. Elewski, M. Lebwohl, K. Reich, C.E. Griffiths, K. Papp, et al.
Secukinumab in plaque psoriasis—Results of two phase 3 trials.
N Engl J Med., 371 (2014), pp. 326-338
[10]
R.G. Langley, M. Lebwohl, G.G. Krueger, P.O. Szapary, Y. Wasfi, D. Chan, et al.
Long-term efficacy and safety of ustekinumab, with and without dosing adjustment, in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis: Results from the PHOENIX 2 study through 5 years of follow-up.
Br J Dermatol., 172 (2015), pp. 1371-1383

Please cite this article as: Puig L, Alarcón I, Sulleiro S, Alfonso S. Encuesta de opinión a pacientes con psoriasis moderada-grave sobre la persistencia de los tratamientos biológicos. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2020.01.001

Copyright © 2020. AEDV
Idiomas
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
    NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
  • Additional material
Tools
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
NOTICE Undefined index: tipo (includes_ws_v2/librerias/html/item.php[1273])
Supplemental materials
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

es en
Política de cookies Cookies policy
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.