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Vol. 104. Issue 7.
Pages 564-578 (September 2013)
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Vol. 104. Issue 7.
Pages 564-578 (September 2013)
Review
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2013.06.001
Nail Histopathology
Histopatología de la uña
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24180
B. Martin
Departamento de Dermatopatología, St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas’ Hospital, Londres, UK
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Abstract

The structure of the nail unit is complex and many dermatologists and dermatopathologists have an incomplete understanding of it. Familiarity with the anatomy and histology of this unit, however, is a key factor in improving the diagnostic yield of nail biopsy. Inflammatory or infectious conditions that affect the nail can have a marked impact on a patient's quality of life. A wide-ranging variety of tumors can also develop in this region and they may be life-threatening or require surgery that will result in functional defects. The author reviews the anatomy and histology of the nail unit as well as the basic histopathologic findings in the most common conditions affecting the nails.

Keywords:
Nail pathology
Histopathology
Nail
Resumen

La estructura de la unidad ungueal es compleja y poco conocida para muchos dermatólogos y dermatopatólogos. Sin embargo, la rentabilidad diagnóstica de una biopsia ungueal depende en gran medida de que ambos estén familiarizados con la anatomía e histología de la zona. La uña puede verse afectada por condiciones inflamatorias o infecciosas que suelen repercutir de manera marcada en la calidad de vida del paciente. Así mismo, una amplia variedad de tumores pueden desarrollarse en esta región; éstos pueden resultar fatales en ocasiones, o pueden requerir tratamiento quirúrgico que resulte en un defecto funcional de los dedos. En esta revisión repasaremos la anatomía e histología de este área y mencionaremos los hallazgos histopatológicos básicos en las condiciones que afectan a las uñas más frecuentemente

Palabras clave:
Patologia ungueal
Histopatologia
Uña

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