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Vol. 109. Num. 7.September 2018
Pages e1-e10Pages 577-666
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Vol. 109. Num. 7.September 2018
Pages e1-e10Pages 577-666
Practical Dermatology
DOI: 10.1016/j.adengl.2018.06.017
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Due to Paraphenylenediamine: An Update
Actualización en la dermatitis de contacto alérgica por parafenilendiamina
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B. Encabo Durán
Corresponding author
belencaboduran@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, D. Romero-Pérez, J.F. Silvestre Salvador
Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante, Alicante, España
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Sources of Paraphenylenediaminea
Table 2. Paraphenylenediamine: Cross-reactions.
Table 3. Paraphenylenediamine: Main Cosensitizationsa
Table 4. Recommendations for Users of Paraphenylenediamine and Hairdressers.
Table 5. Paraphenylenediamine-Free Dyesa
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Abstract

Paraphenylenediamine (PPD) is an amine that is mainly used as an ingredient in hair dyes and henna tattoos. The incidence of allergic contact dermatitis to PPD is increasing, particularly in younger patients. In this article, we review the main sources of PPD and the substances with which it can interact and present a practical algorithm for diagnosing and treating suspected cases of PPD allergy.

Keywords:
Paraphenylenediamine
Dyes
Tattoos
Henna
Contact dermatitis
Allergy
Resumen

La parafenilendiamina (PPD) es una amina empleada en la actualidad principalmente como componente de tintes capilares y en tatuajes de henna. Se ha observado un incremento en la incidencia de la dermatitis alérgica de contacto por PPD, y en edades cada vez más tempranas. En el presente trabajo se realiza una revisión de las principales fuentes que contienen PPD, así como de las sustancias con las que puede interaccionar, y se propone un algoritmo de manejo diagnóstico y terapéutico desde un enfoque práctico, para los pacientes que presenten una clínica compatible con sospecha de alergia a PPD.

Palabras clave:
Parafenilendiamina
Tintes
Tatuajes
Henna
Dermatitis de contacto
Alergia

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